I cannot say Jesus did think the earth was flat, Aristotle provided observational evidence for a spherical earth as early as 330 BCE, and this knowledge was apparently widespread by late antiquity. (There are a number of myths in circulation, e.g. that Christopher Columbus had to convince people at the council of Salamanca that the earth was not flat.) As such, for all we know, Jesus might have known the earth is not flat.
I’m sure I can safely say Jesus thought the sun revolved around the earth though, or otherwise didn’t give it much thought, being concerned with “more important” things? (He was more active in the political and social scene, obviously.) And what does it matter? He certainly didn’t know quantum physics or the proof to Fermat’s last theorem…
Had Jesus been born today, I’m personally convinced he would accept evolution, as I’m convinced he would accept science, being so concerned about truth. Of course, opinions about Jesus differ greatly. Some may even speculate Jesus might have been an atheist had he been born today. Who knows, and what difference does it make what I think, anyway?
Well, while you’re here, I might as well share my thoughts: I consider Jesus to have been a “liberal” (in the US-swear-word sense, hehe), and that the “liberal theology” take on Jesus is more accurate than the more “conservative” ones. (And yes, obviously I do think he existed. I have met a few people who thinks he didn’t. Typically they come to that conclusion after watching “The God Who Wasn’t There” – a [poor] documentary that I found particularly unconvincing.) That does not mean I believe the myths were factually true. (For example, virgin births were common myths at the time… Oh, and for the record, you don’t have to believe in the virgin birth to be a “good Christian”.)
More than that, I don’t feel comfortable sharing right now. Do feel free to leave comments or questions.
Those that do disagree with me, will probably do so on the grounds that “Jesus is God, and God knows Everything”… I’m not interested in that debate, I’m simply asking, “Who cares? Does it really matter?” Does it bother you if other people think the statement “Jesus was human” means he didn’t have such knowledge?
(BTW, how do I categorise posts like these? I have got some references to science in here…?)